Gravity and The Unified Theory                                           
The Physical Means of How Gravity Works and at last, The Unified Theory.

Author: Eric Sabo East Haddam, CT
Space Time
Subspace; Dark Matter and The Space Time Contiuum

        Subspace (Revised)

Author; Eric Sabo

East Haddam, CT

June 12, 2009




            In my previous Subspace paper of June 20, 2008, I was aware that that gravity was referred to by some as “Aether”. In describing Muon decay in that paper, I proposed that some of the loss of mass in Muon decay could proceed as free “Halflets” into an underlying grid that stretched from the space between atoms to the space between galaxies. The grid was composed of free halflets held in suspension by each other. I called it Subspace in the tradition of science fiction becoming science fact. I proposed that Subspace is the Dark Matter. So, Aether becomes Dark Matter. There are those who suggest the Aether (Subspace) flows to create gravity, and Walter Babin ( who suggests each particle creates its own Aether. He even suggested to me that “there was no need to invent ad hoc systems” in regard to my Subspace proposal. Walter must always be taken seriously. I admit at the time, the whole idea seemed a bit extreme even to me. But we must press on.


            If the Aether (Subspace) flows, it must go somewhere. If it is consumed powering atoms, it is used up and more must be produced. I say it’s a static system with dynamic properties that carries the difference of potential between charged particles and bodies. In regards to the atom, I had suggested to Duncan Shaw (The Cause of Gravity) that perhaps Subspace is what aids in suspending electrons in orbit around a nucleus. In my previous paper, I had proposed the electron orbited as a quantity of halflets with overall negative charge as instead of particle form. I neglected in that paper to say that Ball Lightning was a good analogy for that concept. But that is for another discussion. If we look at the interaction of two charged bodies in the Subspace medium, it seems the interaction could be considered a flow of potential;

Paul Schroeder Suggests gravity beams in his work Solar System - The Making of Planets - part 2 of The Universe is Otherwise.  I like the idea of gravity beams. In an email to Walter Babin Oct. 22, 2008, I made the comment; “If there is no object in earth orbit, is there no gravity at that point? The answer is; There is no gravity because it takes two to tango when it comes to gravity. There is always the potential for gravity though.”



So, gravity between planets could be considered a “Beam”. It seems that Subspace would be more concentrated in the beam.

Sort of looks like one of those Chinese finger grips with a ball in each end.

Subspace is added to by the method where mass is lost that cannot be accounted for such as muon decay;

Subspace is added to by nuclear reactors;


Subspace is lost when converted into mass by accelerating particles like solar wind and cosmic rays increasing their mass.
Solar Wind would carry it away to the Termination Shock. In this case an accelerated electron;

Subspace would have gravity. This would account for the overall effects observed at the edge of the solar system.
The solar wind termination shock results in a drop off of subspace density causing the solar wind particles to give up some of their accrued mass forming a standing wave of sorts. (The solar system is a Subspace bubble) Subspace density seeks equilibrium. After the Termination Shock, it spreads out into the galaxy at lower density.



Dr. Edward Henry Dowdye, Jr., Independent Pure Classical Physics Researcher, ( ) presented at the World NPA conference at UConn in Storrs, CT his findings on Gravitational Lensing and the Extinction Shift principle.

It seems likely his extinction shift principle would come into play at the solar wind termination shock zone. If that is true, the ramifications would be immense.


            Another method of adding to the Subspace Aether is electromagnetism. Electromagnets greatly increase the local Subspace density by converting electrical energy directly into Subspace Aether. My thought is that Quarks can survive in a dense Subspace environment because they are compressed by it. Decrease the pressure and the Quark evaporates.


            So, it is logical that the Subspace Aether has all sorts of dynamic variations in local density and that it always seeks the equilibrium that exists in the space between star systems and galaxies.


Thank you for your time,


Eric Sabo





Dark Matter and The Space-Time Continuum

 Author, Eric Sabo, East Haddam, CT

June 20, 2008

Bubble chambers show us that subatomic particles exist.
But, everybody seems to miss the fact that bubble chambers also show us that subatomic particles cease to exist.
The only place they can go is into the EM spectrum or the dark matter realm.

After pondering the Sub-Atomic Particles paper, it seems an avenue to answer a myriad of questions has arisen. From the NASA WMAP website;

Until about thirty years ago, astronomers thought that the universe was composed almost entirely of this "baryonic matter", ordinary atoms. However, in the past few decades, there has been ever more evidence accumulating that suggests there is something in the universe that we can not see, perhaps some new form of matter.


Having attended the World NPA conference at The University of Connecticut in





The avenue opened is with the description of the Muon decay process suggested in the Sub-Atomic Particles paper.
That suggestion was that a cloud, mist, or dust of free halflets might be able to exist for a short time, held in suspension by each other.

See below drawing;


What if that dust of free halflets is permanent, and they are;
What actually makes up the fabric of the space time!

That would be where all the Dark Matter is!





The halflet dust is where any matter that cannot be accounted for exists.
It is unobservable because it has Zero net charge and Zero energy.
Now, what if the halflets were not free, but paired, bound and linked?
They would be photons with zero frequency and zero energy forming a gridwork that has local variations. 

As a subatomic particle decays, the free halflets are spun off until the particle "evaporates".

1. The halflets are held in suspension by each other forming a medium.

2. The medium would be unobservable because it has Zero net charge and Zero energy.

3. Density of the medium would vary and like all systems seeks equilibrium.

4. The medium is all pervasive right down to the space between atoms.

5. It’s why any thing accelerating towards the speed of light gains mass!

6. The medium forms a grid work that might provide a carrier for electromagnetic
     waves and electrostatic propagation.

7. It is unclear however the affect it has on photons.

Because the medium is invisible as is the vacuum of space. And, being an underlying medium of inter linked Zero Hz photons,

I say call it Subspace;


    Subspace would vary in density near massive bodies that have a wide variety of nuclear reactions and all sorts of decays happening.
    Stellar objects would be the greatest contributors to the subspace medium.
Near a stellar object that is spewing all the normal radiation plus free halflets, the Subspace medium density is greater.


So now, the Subspace medium near our 250MW loss Nuc plant in the Sub-Atomic Particles paper would become;

Any particle travelling at high speed collides with and collects free halflets from subspace, gaining mass. But, it’s all electromagnetic, forming a shell around the colliding object. An electron, for example is shown below; 

And when the above electron approaches and encounters a nucleus, all the excess negative halflets are
absorbed by the nucleus.
This separates the electromagnetic from the electrostatic,
leaving a positron and an electron. (This will be better explained in my next paper.)

            This might explain the fundamental difference between matter and antimatter. 
            Antimatter particles are like ghost particles.That’s why there are not many in existence.

            So then, to travel at speeds in excess of “c” all one needs to do is move subspace out of the way. Plow the road, as it were.






My apologies for the science fiction terminology, but science fiction in many cases becomes science fact. Clearly, there is an underlying electromagnetic action in play. Subspace seems to be the perfect term.

It would seem plausible that there is enough Subspace Medium (dark matter) to fill a solar system or even a galaxy. But between galaxies? With the NASA Voyager missions passing out of the solar system and crossing the solar wind termination shock, there is indication of a change in the spatial characteristics at that point.
Could it be that subspace (Dark Matter) density changes at that point creating the phenomenon?





 In correspondence with a trusted and valued colleague, I asked what he thought about Dark Matter.
He replied; "Don't know about Dark Matter. But that it reminded him of Van Goethe's-
"When fails the comprehension, a word steps in as deputy".

Thank you for your time,

            Eric Sabo                             

Having attended the World NPA conference at The University of Connecticut in